UniCredit To Cut 8,000 Jobs

UniCredit intends to cut roughly 8,000 jobs, or around 9% of total workforce, and close about 500 branches through 2023 as it targets gross savings of €1 billion in Western Europe. Its plan offers an insight into the headwinds facing Europe’s largest lenders, as low rates, stringent regulation and greater competition from U.S. rivals dent their profits. Most of the region’s banks are downsizing, cost cutting or realigning their businesses as a result.

UniCredit said it would return €8 billion ($8.9 billion) to shareholders through 2023, including a share buyback of €2 billion. This corresponds to an increase of profit distribution to shareholders of 40% in the next three years, rising to 50% in 2023.

Mr. Mustier said the bank prefers to use capital in this way instead of buying other European banks. Speculation has mounted in recent months that UniCredit was eyeing a tie-up with troubled German lender Commerzbank AG or France’s Société Générale SA

UniCredit has never commented on specific potential mergers, but Mr. Mustier has often cast doubt on the viability of European cross-border banking tie-ups, citing regulatory hurdles and likely additional capital needs. Instead, the bank prefers to buy back some of its shares, he said Tuesday.

“In short, no M&A and that’s it,” he told reporters, saying the bank would only consider “small bolt-on acquisitions” mainly in central and Eastern Europe.

UniCredit’s new plan comes at a particularly challenging time for Italian banks. While lenders have made considerable progress in digesting the pile of bad loans accumulated during the financial crisis, they are struggling to modernize their operations and make their businesses leaner.

At the end of June, Italian banks owned €177 billion worth of bad loans, or 8% of their total loans, compared with €350 billion, or 17% of total loans, at the end of 2016.

Their revenues are under pressure from ultralow negative rates. The pressure to deploy liquidity induced by negative rates has increased competition among banks to lend money. This in turn has pushed down interest rates applied on new mortgages and company loans.

Consulting firm Oliver Wyman estimated that average interest rates charged on residential mortgages dropped to 1.69% in August, from 2% on existing loans up to December last year. Interest rates on company loans dropped by 80 basis points to 1.26% over the same period.

Lower rates on government bonds are also putting additional pressure on banks’ revenues.

Italian banks have tried in recent years to make more money through fees and commissions on wealth and asset management, with patchy results.

One of the few levers remaining is to cut costs. However, Italian banks need to make large investments to improve the digitization of their businesses and train their personnel. Oliver Wyman estimates that almost half of Italian bank employees need to be trained in new skills, as their business models change and the use of new technology spreads.

UniCredit aims to increase its net profit to €5 billion for 2023, slightly higher than the €4.7 billion planned for this year.

Earnings per share is seen growing 12% a year, while revenue should rise roughly 0.8% a year to €19.3 billion in 2023. Costs are expected to decline 0.2% a year and reach €10.2 billion when the plan ends.

The bank said it doesn’t plan any more large asset sales after it agreed over the weekend to cut its stake in Turkish bank Yapi ve Kredi Bankasi AS to below 32% from roughly 41%, aiming to simplify its shareholding structure and boost its capital.

Over the last three years, UniCredit has sold several other assets, including Polish lender Bank Pekao SA and asset management firm Pioneer Investments. More recently, it sold its stakes in online lender FinecoBank SpA and in Mediobanca SpA.


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